Book 2

NOTES TO BOOK II

Page 73. “Alfred’s Lantern,” is the term commonly given to the illustration. It is only just to observe that some antiquaries assign it to the time of Henry VII. (1485-1510) from a comparison of the design with Flemish bronze dishes of their period.

Page 75. “Trial by Jury.” The popular tradition assigns the honour of originating this to Alfred the Great. Palgrave disputes this, and maintains that the primitive jurors were simply witnesses, and not triers (Rise and Progress of E. Commonwealth, i. 244). Mr. Hallam also has some weighty remarks upon this subject. (Middle Ages, ii. 384).

Page 89. “Danish Invaders.” On the doors of some ancient churches in Lincolnshire, presumably of Saxon construction, fragments of human skin have been found beneath the heads of the large nails with which the wood is studded; and it is alleged that these are portions of the skins of Danes who were captured and flayed alive.

The Saxons

Chapter 1

The Saxons 449 AD, To The Introduction of Christianity 597 AD.

The Saxons

Invasions by Picts and Scots

Fables and Traditions of the Period

Contemporaneous Accounts of Them

Divided State of British Tribes

Origin of the Saxons and Derivation of the Name

The Saxon Kingdoms

Their Character Habits and Leaders

Successive Landings and Formation of States

The Saxon Kingdoms

Introduction of Christianity

Mission of Augustine and Introduction of Christianity

Social Condition at the Transition Period

Authorities

Laws of Ethelbert of Kent

Chapter 2

From Ethelbert 597 AD, To The Invasion of The Northmen 827 AD.

Ethelbert of Kent

Ethelbert of Kent

Laws of Ethelbert of Kent

Union of Bernicia and Deira, as Northumbria

Reign and Wars of Penda

Kings Alfred and Ethelbald

Alfred of Northumbria’s Contest with Wilfrid and the Pope

Contest for Supremacy Between Mercia and Wessex

Modes of Punishment

King Egbert

History of Each Kingdom

Supremacy of Wessex Established

Invasion of the Northmen

Invasion of the Northmen

Sketch of Their History and Character

Authorities

Egbert

Chapter 3

Egbert from 827 AD, To 857 AD.

Egbert

Character of Egbert

Repeated Incursions by the Danes

Succeeded by Ethelwulf

His Pilgrimage to Rome

Revolt under Ethelbald, and Division of the kingdom

The Clergy and The Monasteries

Assumed Origin of Tithes

Condition of the Monks and Clergy

Archbishop Theodore

Venerable Bede

The Witenagemot

Origin and Powers of the Witenagemot

The Witenagemot

Nature of the kingly Dignity

The Process of Governing

Authorities

Reign of Ethelbald and Alfred

Chapter 4

Ethelbald and Alfred from 857 AD, to 878 AD

Reign of Ethelbald

His Stepmother Judith and Her Descendants

Ethelbert

Fresh Irruptions of the Danes

Ragnar Lodbrog

St. Edmund

Destruction of Croyland Abbey

Destruction of Croyland Abbey

Numerous Battles between the Danes and the Saxons

Accession of Ethelred

Alfred the Great

Alfred the Great

Fresh Troubles with the Danes

Fresh Troubles

Re-Appearance of Alfred

Treaty between him and Guthrun

Treaty between him and Guthrun

Temporary retirement of the king to Athelney

Overthrow of Ubbo

The Danelagh

Authorities

Alfred

Chapter 5

Alfred from 878 AD, to 901 AD

Alfred’s Fortifications

Effects of the Danish Ravages

Alfred’s Measures for the Defence of the Country

Fortifications

Navy

New Attacks under Hasting

Revolt in the Danelagh

Revolt in the Danelagh

Four Years of Conflict

Alfred’s Educational Efforts

Ultimate Success

Hume’s Estimate of Alfred

His care for Internal Prosperity of the Country

State of Learning

Educational Efforts

Asser’s Friendship

His Computation and Division of Time

Alfred’s Industry and Zeal

Alfred’s Industry and zeal

Application of his Revenue

Saxon Laws

The Domboc

Saxon Laws

Alfred’s Watchfulness over the Executive

Origin of Jury

Divisions of the Country

Summary of Alfred’s Character

The king’s Illness and Death

His Will

Summary of Character

Authorities

The End of the Ninth Century

Chapter 6

The End of the Ninth Century

Ancient Towns and Highways

Domestic life of the Anglo-Saxons

Houses

Buildings

Bells and Churches

Ancient Towns

Highways

Internal Fittings of Houses

Tapestry

Fires

Anglo-Saxon Furniture

Anglo-Saxon Furniture

Food and Drink

Amusements

Furniture and Beds

Household Economy

Treatment of Slaves

Toilette

Costume and Ornaments

Anglo Saxon Hunting and Travelling

Hunting

Travelling and Inns

Medicine

The Calendar

Anglo-Saxon Language

Anglo-Saxon Language

Local and District Courts of Justice

Authorities

Alfred’s Children

Chapter 7

Alfred’s Children from 901 AD to 955 AD

Alfred’s Children

Edward Becomes King

The Succession Disputed by Ethelwald

Partial Annexation of East Anglia and Northumbria

Mercia Added

Athelstan

Athelstan, the First Monarch of England

Intrigue Against Him

Conflicts with the Anglo-Danes

Formidable Invasion

Decisive Battle of Brunanburh

The Anglo-Danes Revolt, and are Subdued

Renown of Athelstan

Renown of Athelstan

Death and Character

Edmund

Edmund

Reign of Edmund

Murder of the King

Edred

Edred Succeeds

A Strong Mind in a Frail Body

Outbreak in Northumbria

Rise of Statesmen

Dunstan and Turketul

Authorities

Edwy the Fair

Chapter 8

Edwy the Fair from 955 AD to 975 AD

Edwy the Fair

Edwy

The Succession Disputed by Ethelwald

Conflicting Testimony Concerning Edwy

Incident on His Coronation Day

Treatment of Elgiva

Edgar the Pacific

Origin of Monasteries in England

Introduction of Celibacy

Their Rules and Practice

The Benedictines

Dunstan

Sketch of Dunstan

His Alleged Visions and Miracles

Becomes Abbot, Bishop and Archbishop

Archbishop Dunstan and the Clergy

His Character and Policy

Aided by Bishops Oswald and Ethelwald

The Secular Clergy Supplanted by the Monks

King Edgar’s Private Life

The Worth of the Eulogies Pronounced on Him by the Monks

The Canons of Edgar

His Position Among the Anglo-Saxon Kings

Policy Towards the Danes of Northumbria

Authorities

Edward

Chapter 9

Edward 975 AD to 1016 AD

Edward the Martyr

Edward, Commonly Styled “the Martyr”

Elfrida’s Intrigues

Ethelred

Reign of Ethelred

Dunstan’s Prophecy

Condition of the Country

Anglo-Saxons and Anglo-Danes

Fresh Attacks by the Northmen

They are Bribed to Depart

Origin of the Danegeld

Ethelred’s Marriage with Emma of Normandy

Massacre of the Danes

Sweyn’s Revenge

Sweyn’s Vengeance

Murder of Archbishop Alphege

Levy for a Fleet

Thurkill Ravages England

Its Failure

A Contemporary Picture

Sweyn prepares for the Conquest of England

Sweyn Dies and’ is Followed by Canute

Ethelred’s Flight and Return

Edmund Ironside

Death of Ethelred

Divisions and Treachery among the English

Edmund Ironside Proclaimed King

Successive Battles with Canute

Partition of the Country

Brief Reign of Edmund

Authorities

Book 3, Coming Soon Check Back Later

N.A.D.H.O.E.

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