Book 2, Chapter 6, The End of the Ninth Century – Internal Fittings of Houses

Reverting to the dwellings, it may be explained that the walls of the hall were covered with hangings or tapestry, which were called in Anglo-Saxon, wah-hraegel, or wah-rift, wall-clothing. These appear sometimes to have been mere plain clothes, but at other times they were made of silk, richly ornamented, and not infrequently embroidered in needle work of gold with historical subjects. As early as the seventh century, Aldhelm speaks of the hangings or curtains being dyed with purple and other colours, and ornamented with images, and he adds that “if finished off one colour uniform they would not seem beautiful to the eye.”

Among the Saxon wills printed by Hickes, are several bequests of heall-wah-riflas, or wall tapestries for the hall, and it appears that, in some cases, tapestries of a richer and more precious character than those in common use were reserved to be hung up only on extraordinary festivals. There were hooks, or pegs, on the wall, upon which various objects were hung for convenience. We have no allusion in Anglo-Saxon writers to chimneys, or fire-places, in the modern acceptation of the term.

Chapter 6, Ancient Towns and Highways

Domestic life of the Anglo-Saxons



Bells and Churches

Ancient Towns


Chapter 6, Internal Fittings of Houses



Chapter 6, Anglo-Saxon Furniture

Anglo-Saxon Furniture

Food and Drink


Furniture and Beds

Household Economy

Treatment of Slaves

The Toilette

Costume and Ornaments

Chapter 6, Anglo Saxon Hunting and Travelling


Travelling and Inns


The Calendar

Chapter 6, Anglo-Saxon Language

Anglo-Saxon Language

Local and District Courts of Justice


Categories: Book 2

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