Saxon Laws

Book 2, Chapter 5, 878 AD to 901 AD – Saxon Laws

The Saxon legislators distinguished between the different wounds to which the body is liable, and which, from their laws, it may be inferred that they frequently suffered. In their most ancient laws these were the punishments;

The loss of an eye or of a leg appears to have been considered as the most aggravated injury which could arise from an assault, and was therefore punished by the highest fine, or fifty shillings. To be made lame was the next most considerable offence, and the compensation for it was thirty shillings. For a wound that caused deafness, twenty five shillings. To lame the shoulder, divide the chine-bone, cut off the thumb, pierce the diaphragm, or to tear off the hair and fracture the skull, were each punished by a fine of twenty shillings. For breaking the thigh, cutting off the ears, wounding the eye or mouth, wounding the diaphragm, or injuring the teeth so as to affect the speech, was exacted twelve shillings.

 For cutting off the little finger, eleven shillings. For ‘cutting off the great toe, or for tearing off the hair entirely, ten shillings. For piercing the nose, nine shillings. For cutting off the forefinger, eight shillings. For cutting off the gold-finger, for every wound in the thigh, for wounding the ear, for piercing both cheeks, for cutting either nostril, for each of the front teeth, for breaking the jaw bone, for breaking an arm, six shillings. For seizing the hair so as to hurt the bone, for the loss of either of the eye-teeth, or of the middle finger, four shillings. For pulling the hair so that the bone became visible, for piercing the ear, or one cheek, for cutting off the thumb-nail, for the first double tooth, for wounding the nose with the fist, for wounding the elbow, for breaking a rib, or for wounding the vertebrae, three shillings. For every nail (probably of the fingers) and for every tooth beyond the first double tooth one shilling. For seizing the hair, fifty sceattas. For the nail of out the great toe, thirty sceattas. For every other nail ten sceattas.


Chapter 5, Alfred’s Fortifications

Effects of the Danish Ravages

Alfred’s Measures for the Defence of the Country

Fortifications

Navy

New Attacks under Hasting

Chapter 5, Revolt in the Danelagh

Revolt in the Danelagh

Four Years of Conflict

Chapter 5, Alfred’s Educational Efforts

Ultimate Success

Hume’s Estimate of Alfred

His care for Internal Prosperity of the Country

State of Learning

Educational Efforts

Asser’s Friendship

His Computation and Division of Time

Chapter 5, Alfred’s Industry and Zeal

Alfred’s Industry and zeal

Application of his Revenue

Chapter 5, Saxon Laws

The Domboc

Saxon Laws

Alfred’s Watchfulness over the Executive

Origin of Jury

Divisions of the Country

Chapter 5, Summary of Alfred’s Character

The king’s Illness and Death

His Will

Summary of Character

Authorities



Categories: Book 2

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