Book 2, Chapter 1, 449 AD to 597 AD – The Saxons
For nearly forty years after the final departure of the Romans, the various tribes of Britain were greatly harassed and injured by the inroads of fierce bands from the northern parts of the island and from Ireland, known in history as the Picts and Scots. There can be no doubt that by the former the old chroniclers meant to designate the same tribes heretofore spoken of as the Caledonii and the Maaetae, for these names do not again occur in history, and it is not to be supposed that they became suddenly and utterly extinct.
The generic name of Picts, by which they were after wards known, was probably derived from some similar name in their own language. The Scots, as they were called at that time, originally came from Ireland, and were descended from various bands of adventurers who had colonized the country at different periods. The descriptions already given of the aborigines of Britain, applies in its main features, to the scattered tribes of Ireland, and of what is now called Scotland. That name was not given until long subsequently, and even so late as the twelfth century it is evident that the Picts and the Scots were not blended into one nation.
The comparative fertility and wealth of South Britain excited their cupidity and prompted repeated attacks, but whether after the departure of the Romans, the Picts and Scots came in such numbers as to threaten to overwhelm the land, and whether, as has been commonly alleged, the Roman Britons were so stipend and spiritless as to be unable to resist the aggressions, cannot now be determined with positiveness.
Chapter 1, The Saxons
Invasions by Picts and Scots
Chapter 1, The Saxon Kingdoms
Chapter 1, Introduction of Christianity
Categories: Book 2