Invasions by Picts and Scots

Book 2, Chapter 1, 449 AD to 597 AD – The Saxons

 For nearly forty years after the final departure of the Romans, the various tribes of Britain were greatly harassed and injured by the inroads of fierce bands from the northern parts of the island and from Ireland, known in history as the Picts and Scots. There can be no doubt that by the former the old chroniclers meant to designate the same tribes heretofore spoken of as the Caledonii and the Maaetae, for these names do not again occur in history, and it is not to be supposed that they became suddenly and utterly extinct.

The generic name of Picts, by which they were after wards known, was probably derived from some similar name in their own language. The Scots, as they were called at that time, originally came from Ireland, and were descended from various bands of adventurers who had colonized the country at different periods. The descriptions already given of the aborigines of Britain, applies in its main features, to the scattered tribes of Ireland, and of what is now called Scotland. That name was not given until long subsequently, and even so late as the twelfth century it is evident that the Picts and the Scots were not blended into one nation.

The comparative fertility and wealth of South Britain excited their cupidity and prompted repeated attacks, but whether after the departure of the Romans, the Picts and Scots came in such numbers as to threaten to overwhelm the land, and whether, as has been commonly alleged, the Roman Britons were so stipend and spiritless as to be unable to resist the aggressions, cannot now be determined with positiveness.

Chapter 1, The Saxons

Invasions by Picts and Scots

Fables and Traditions of the Period

Contemporaneous Accounts of Them

Divided State of British Tribes

Origin of the Saxons and Derivation of the Name

Chapter 1, The Saxon Kingdoms

Their Character Habits and Leaders

Successive Landings and Formation of States

The Saxon Kingdoms

Chapter 1, Introduction of Christianity

Mission of Augustine and Introduction of Christianity

Social Condition at the Transition Period


Categories: Book 2

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