Origin of Name Britannia

Book 1, Chapter 3, 55 BC to 78 AD – Caractacus – Continued

 Antiquaries and etymologists are divided in opinion as to the origin of the name Britannia. They agree, however, in dismissing as an idle story, the monkish derivation from Brutus, a Trojan prince. Camden furnishes a long list of conjectural derivations, but by far the most probable, and the one which possesses the greatest weight of evidence, is that which traces the name back to two Celtic words denoting “tin,” and “land,” or “people,” so that ” Bruit daoine” came, in process of time to be softened down into “Bruit-tan” and then into “Britannia.” Thus the meaning would exactly correspond with that of the Greek “Cassiterides,” or tin islands, by which Herodotus designates the country.

Chapter 3, Julius Caesar

His Antecedents and Ambition

Resolves on Crossing from Gaul to Britain

First Visit 55 BC

The Return to Gaul

Second Visit 54 BC

Divisions Among the British Tribes

The Romans Withdraw

Chapter 3, Caractacus

Policy of Succeeding Emperors

Invasion Under Claudius 43 AD

Origin of Name Britannia

Proprietorships of Aulus and Ostorins

Native Resistance

Suetonius Conquers Mona

Revolt Under Boadicea

Capture of Londinium and of Verulamium

Chapter 3, The Romans Revenge

The Romans Revenge


Categories: Book 1

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